Home » China Fights Back: An American Woman With The Eighth Route Army by Agnes Smedley
China Fights Back: An American Woman With The Eighth Route Army Agnes Smedley

China Fights Back: An American Woman With The Eighth Route Army

Agnes Smedley

Published September 1st 1977
ISBN : 9780883553893
282 pages
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 About the Book 

Text extracted from opening pages of book: FKSHTt BACK AN AMERICAN WOMAN WITH THE EIGHTH ROUTE ARMY BY AGNES SMEDLEY AUTHOR OF CHINESE DESTINIES, ETC. THE VAH6UARD PRESS HEW YORK VANGUARD PRESS, INC. No part of thhbo^ may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from th& publisher, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote brief passages in connection with a review written for inclusion in a magazine or newspaper. MANUFACTURED IN THE U. S. A. BY H-WOLFF, NEW YORK To My beloved brothers and comrades, the heroic dead and the unconquerable living of the Eighth Route Army of China ( the Chinese Red Army) Introduction by Anna Louise Strong THE war of the Chinese people against the Japanese in vaders is the fight o one-fifth of the human race for national independence for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness-It is also a war in which hungry, half-armed Chinese farmers hold the front lines of mankinds forward progress, for you and for me, against an imperialism which threatens Asia, America, the peace of the world. The Chinese Eighth Route Army., with which Agnes Smed ley traveled, is important in this war not alone because it is the reorganized Red Army led by Communists, though that fact shows the new unity of China, bringing under one banner armies that have fought each other for the past ten years. It is important because it brings to Chinas war of resistance certain methods which are being increasingly adopted by the rest of the Chinese armies and the Chinese Government in order to win success. Close cooperation with the Chinese rural population, quick response to their needs and an effective technique for arousing and organizing them against the in vader are the chief guarantee of Chinas ultimate victory against the superior armaments of Japan. More than that, they Fviil INTRODUCTION . are the guarantee that after the long war is over, the Chinese people will have won not only independence from foreign in vaders but also internal democracy the right of the people to rule in their own land. It is an unbelievably complex struggle. Here is a vast peas ant people, the most populous, industrious and patiently en during of all the peoples of the earth. For generations it has fought with nature at the very frontiers of existence. Creep ing deserts of Asia, ravaging floods of gigantic rivers, doomed year by year millions to death by famine, a doom inescapable as long as the primitive tools and the ancient social system survive. Ignorance, superstition and the vastness of a roadless land enslaved them. Landlords, tax-grafters and a host o corrupt bureaucrats and aloof intellectuals ground the toiling folk further into the dust. The impact of the industrial West broke for a century on this ancient people, bringing new problems, new forms of exploitation, new desires. Foreign imperialisms corrupted na tive officialdom still further with bribes and armed pressures. Against them successive waves for national independence and internal social change swept the country, penetrating ever deeper into the consciousness of the people, from the Taiping rebellion down to the present day. The Empire fell in 1911, releasing the aspirations of millions of patriotic intellectuals, but adding banditry and civil strife to the peoples burdens. The patriotic movement of all classes under the joint leader ship of the Kuomintang and the Communist parties swept rapidly across China in 1927, creating new hopes and a new government, but these hopes were betrayed during ten years of dissension and civil wars, in which the Chinese bourgeoisie, led by Shanghai bankers, sought to dominate the country, [ viii] INTRODUCTION while organizations of workers and farmers wefe suppressed. Taking advantage of the internal strife of China, Japanese imperialism attacked the country, seizing Manchuria in 1931, penetrating Jehol and Chahar in the years that followed, hold ing the Chinese Government in Nanking passive by a com bination of bribes and threat